During pregnancy, the baby can be in numerous positions. It is imperative that the baby is born with a normal position and presentation. The cephalic position is the normal position of the baby before delivery. This position is when the head of the baby is on the lower part of the mother’s abdomen, facing down. This position leads to a vertex presentation, which will bring the baby out head-first.
What Is The Difference Between Fetal Presentation and Position?
Presentation is the part of the baby’s body that leads to the mother’s birth canal. On the other hand, position is the term used to specify the direction on which the baby is facing vis-à-vis the mother’s spine.
What is Vertex Presentation?
The vertex presentation is the normal kind of delivery. It happens when the head of the baby, the occiput ( this is the anterior position in which part of the head that is at the bottom of the skull) is in an optimal position, wherein its chin is tucked on its chin
However, there are other fetal positions and presentations. In any of those cases, the pregnancy is considered to be abnormal. When the baby’s face comes out first, which results if their chin isn’t tucked into the chest, there is a higher risk of birth injury.
If the position or size of the baby is not within the normal range, the physician must intervene. The physician may perform procedures to manually reposition the fetus or recommend a Caesarean section delivery (C-section). In any case, physician intervention is a must. Otherwise, there could be medical malpractice on his part.