Reduced Oxygen Malpractice
A study from the US National Library of Medicine identifies perinatal asphyxia, more appropriately known as perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), as an essential cause of brain injury in newborns. To simplify this, birth asphyxia or the reduction of oxygen before, during or right after birth has damaging effects on the baby.
This happens when there is a decrease in the supply of oxygen, or worse if it’s cut-off emtirely. In this situation, the body then diverts the oxygen from the brain to the heart and lungs. The same study points out that should this happen, there are long-term implications for the newborn’s health resulting from this birth injury.
Perinatal HIE occurs in one to three per 1000 live and full-term births. The same study further notes the following statistics: