What You Need to Know About A Brachial Plexus Injury
The brachial plexus is a network of nerves between the neck and shoulders. This network of nerves controls muscle functions in the shoulders, chest, arms, and hands.
Brachial plexus birth injury is an injury in these nerves. It occurs in one to three of every 1000 births. Injury can occur when these nerves are compressed, stretched, or torn during the baby’s delivery. It can result in loss of muscle function in the baby’s arm or even paralysis.
What are the Causes of Brachial Plexus Injury?
The most common cause of brachial plexus injury is excessive stretching during the baby’s delivery. Most of these deliveries are difficult and stressful for both mother and child. Often, birth-assistance tools, such as forceps and vacuum extraction tool, are used in these deliveries.
Other causes of brachial plexus injury include the following: