APGAR stands for appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, respiration. Created by Dr. Virginia Apgar in 1952, this scoring system enables medical practitioners to quickly assess the health of a newborn baby within the first five minutes after birth and determine if immediate medical care should be given.
What Does APGAR Measure?
The acronym APGAR makes it easy to remember the five criteria in this scoring system. Each item is rated on a scale of 0 to 2, with 2 being the best score. Doctors are required to score the apgar to monitor the baby’s condition of a newborn infant. It can determine many different risk factors including pulse heart rate, skin color appearance, slow or irregular heartbeat, or if the the infant is perfectly healthy.